Scientific Name: Lepomis macrochirus

Other Common Names: bream, panfish, sunfish, copperbelly and sunny


The bluegill is round and flat, with a distinct dark spot or smudge at the base of the dorsal fin. The ear flap is entirely black, which distinguishes it from a lot of other sunfish. Its back and upper sides are dark olive-green to black, and its belly is reddish yellow. The bluegill also has a pattern of vertical bars on the sides. During spawning season, males can be especially dark or colorful

Habitats and Habits

Bluegill are found throughout the United States and northern Mexico. They are the most common sunfish in North Carolina and are found in all types of habitats, except high-gradient trout streams. Bluegill are most abundant in ponds and reservoirs and are found in rivers, creeks, backwaters and swamps throughout the state. They thrive in both clear and turbid waters and can tolerate slightly acidic or saline conditions.

Bluegill eat just about anything that will fit into their small mouths, especially aquatic insects and terrestrial insects that fall into the water. Because they feed by sight, bluegill feed primarily during the daylight. They are prey to many animals, such as largemouth bass, birds and turtles.

Fishing Techniques

The varied diet of bluegill gives anglers a wide selection of baits. While plain garden worms and crickets are the preferred baits, bluegill will hit almost any natural bait or small spinner. These scrappy fighters can be caught on a number of different lures, using a small hook (No. 10). Fly-fishing is another popular way to fish for bluegill. If you havenít caught a bluegill within 15 minutes after fishing a likely spot, move on ó they probably arenít there.


All information was obtained from
NC Wildlife Resources Commisson